CHICAGO — As rating agencies and investors digested details of the Illinois General Assembly’s vote increasing state income taxes by two-thirds, Gov. Pat Quinn defended the action Wednesday as being necessary for the state to dig itself out of its fiscal crisis.

Quinn — who vowed to veto any increase in the income tax that exceeded a single percentage point during last fall’s campaign — said Illinois had “to take decisive action” to ease a state “fiscal emergency” that is underscored by a looming $15 billion deficit, a backlog of $8 billion in bills, and $62.4 billion in unfunded pension liabilities.

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