CHICAGO — Unwilling to accept a proposed income tax increase for the state’s top earners, Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty moved quickly Tuesday to veto the budget-balancing plan rushed through the Legislature one day earlier by Democratic leaders.

The legislation would have dealt with a nearly $3 billion budget shortfall in the $57 billion, two-year budget through cuts and by raising more than $400 million by establishing a new income tax bracket. The state Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party that controls the Legislature had hoped to sway the Republican governor to support the tax hike and avert deeper cuts to education and human services by enacting most of the $2.5 billion in spending reductions he had made to the budget last year.

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