The Midwest Economy Index declined to negative 0.09 in September from positive 0.08 in August, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago said Tuesday.

The relative MEI reversed to negative 0.04 from positive 0.03 in August.

Manufacturing added 0.23 to the index, after contributing 0.24 to the index in August, while adding 0.28 to the relative MEI, after a 0.33 contribution in August.

Construction and mining subtracted 0.12 in the month, after a 0.09 subtraction in August, while taking 0.10 from relative MEI index after a 0.09 subtraction in August.

The service sector MEI subtracted 0.08 after a 0.05 subtraction the prior month, while subtracting 0.15 from relative MEI after a 0.17 subtraction in August.

Consumer spending took 0.11 from MEI, after a 0.03 subtraction in August, while subtracting 0.07 from relative MEI after a 0.03 subtraction the prior month.

By state, Illinois made the largest contribution in September, adding 0.02 to the index, Iowa contributed 0.01, Michigan subtracted 0.02, Indiana subtracted 0.05, and Wisconsin subtracted 0.06.

The index is a weighted average of 129 state and regional indicators encompassing the five states in the Seventh Federal Reserve District (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin). The index measures growth in nonfarm business activity.

A zero value for the MEI indicates that the Midwest economy is expanding at its historical trend rate of growth; negative values are associated with below-trend growth while positive values indicate above-trend growth. A zero value for the relative MEI indicates that the Midwest economy is growing at a rate historically consistent with the growth of the national economy; positive values indicate above-average relative growth; and negative values indicate below-average relative growth.

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