CHICAGO — Warning of the threat posed to its long-term fiscal stability, the Regional Transportation Authority of Illinois is leading a charge against state legislation that would aid retailers and other businesses seeking to avoid paying some local sales taxes by setting up shell offices elsewhere.

If the bill is enacted, the RTA fears it could lose about $250 million in sales tax revenue. The agency — which oversees the Chicago Transit Authority, Metra commuter rail system, and Pace suburban bus service — collects about $900 million annually in sales taxes imposed in the Chicago region.

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