Federal legislation introduced last week would prohibit states and localities from collecting taxes on certain electronic transactions, but governmental officials are worried about the revenue losses and the precedent the law would set.

The identical bills, introduced in the House and Senate on Thursday, are designed to provide states, businesses, and consumers with clarity about how digital goods and services like e-books and mobile apps may be taxed by localities, according to the sponsors. The legislation would simplify sales-tax collection and remittance requirements for businesses and also prohibit discriminatory and multiple taxes on e-transactions, they said.

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