DALLAS — Arizona’s drastic $1.1 billion of budget cuts approved last week could grow by nearly $1 billion if voters do not approve a temporary sales tax increase in May and refuse to repeal ballot initiatives from previous years.

The $8.9 billion spending plan approved Thursday partially closes a $2.6 billion shortfall for the fiscal year beginning July 1 with a one-cent sales tax increase over three years. It requires voters to rescind early childhood education and land conservation programs passed by initiative in 1998 and 2006. Ending the two programs would save $500 million, according to estimates.

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