WASHINGTON — States are ramping up pressure on online-only retailers to pay billions of dollars in state sales taxes, hoping the funds will help bring their tax collections into the 21st century.

The rise of e-commerce has led to a tectonic shift in consumer spending that is eroding state sales taxes. Music, books and movies purchased online often dodge the state sales tax a customer would typically pay if the product were purchased as a “good” at the mall.

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