CHICAGO — Provisions in the new federal health care law that aim to change the way hospitals are paid for their services could pose risks to nonprofit providers, Standard & Poor’s said in a report released yesterday.

It’s the latest in a series of reports from credit analysts warning that nonprofit providers — which make up 85% of all acute-care facilities in the U.S. — will face new pressures under the law. Moody’s Investors Service and Fitch Ratings have also said the reform could pose long-term challenges to the sector.

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