WASHINGTON — Taxpayers will have to contribute an average of $1,398 per household per year over the next 30 years, either through tax hikes or reduced public services, to fulfill public-sector pension obligations, according to a study released Tuesday. 

The report, entitled “The Revenue Demands of Public Employee Pension Promises,” is co-authored by two economists, Joshua Rauh of the Kellogg School at Northwestern University and Robert Novy-Marx of the University of ­Rochester.

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