WASHINGTON — The U.S. economy peaked in December 2007 and has been in a recession ever since then, the National Bureau of Economic Research reported yesterday, confirming what the major economic indicators have shown for months.

The NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee, officially charged with the responsibility of dating recessions, said the economic expansion that lasted 73 months from November 2001 through December 2007. The committee analyzes four indicators to determine a recession: monthly payroll data, real personal income less transfer payments, real business sales, and industrial production. All four indicators peaked between November 2007 and June 2008, the committee said.

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