WASHINGTON — Despite the financial struggles and criticism faced by prominent fast-rail projects in California and Florida, high-speed and regional rail is likely to proceed out of necessity, according to an analysis by Fitch Ratings.

The analysis, issued Thursday, concedes that projects like California’s largely bond-financed proposal to build 500 miles of high-speed passenger train lines between San Francisco and Los Angeles face obstacles as state governments look to cut spending and voters continue to feel the effects of a weak economy.

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