DALLAS — The federal ban on new deepwater drilling in the Gulf of Mexico could be more devastating to the region’s economic recovery than the crude oil that gushed from the BP well blowout for almost three months.

A study by Joseph R. Mason, an economist and banking professor at Louisiana State University, said the six-month moratorium could result in the loss of more than 8,000 jobs, nearly $500 million in wages, and more than $2.1 billion of economic activity along the coast from Alabama to Texas.

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