Revised government economic data show the recession was deeper than initially thought and the recovery has been weaker than estimated, Federal Reserve Board chairman Ben S. Bernanke told the Joint Economic Committee Tuesday.

Despite gains in manufacturing and exports, “the recovery from the crisis has been much less robust than we had hoped,” Bernanke told Congress. “Recent revisions of government economic data show the recession as having been even deeper, and the recovery weaker, than previously estimated; indeed, by the second quarter of this year — the latest quarter for which official estimates are available — aggregate output in the United States still had not returned to the level that it had attained before the crisis.”

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