WASHINGTON — Federal Reserve policymakers have been presuming that the recent upsurge in consumer prices will prove “temporary” and that inflation will be “subdued” in the longer run, but a survey of business economists released Monday finds mounting signs of wage-price pressures along with greater optimism about the economic outlook.

The National Association for Business Economics announced that a larger share of the 55 member economists surveyed are reporting rising prices and rising wages. Nevertheless, the NABE members continue to expect “price stability” to be maintained.

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