WASHINGTON — A new report from Senate Democrats on the Joint Economic Committee found that the House Republican tax-reform plan would reduce federal tax collections by $4.5 trillion over the next decade and cut taxes for the wealthiest Americans by establishing a new tax-bracket structure.

The four-page report released Wednesday outlined the impact of eliminating five popular tax deductions — mortgage interest, state and local taxes, charitable contributions, tax exclusions for employers, and contributions to 401(k) plans — as a way to offset the cost of lowering tax rates proposed by Republicans.

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