Real gross domestic product — the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States — decreased at an annual rate of 6.1% in the first quarter of 2009, according to advance estimates released yesterday by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP decreased 6.3%.

The decrease primarily reflected negative contributions from exports, private inventory investment, equipment and software, nonresidential structures, and residential fixed investment that were partly offset by a positive contribution from personal consumption expenditures, Commerce said. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, decreased.

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