WASHINGTON — Nonfarm payrolls in April increased by 290,000, exceeding economists’ estimates and posting the largest increase in four years, as the unemployment rate increased to 9.9%, the Labor Department reported Friday.

The gain in payrolls, which have increased for four consecutive months, were fueled in part by a 66,000 gain for Census hiring. Manufacturing added 44,000 jobs, professional and business services added 80,000, and health and education sector contributed 35,000.

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